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Biribá from Misiones (cold adapted rollinia)

$ 2,00

The Misiones Biribá seeds present a unique opportunity for cultivation, boasting a flavor reminiscent of lemon pie and adapted to colder climates due to the Guarani people’s migration over the last 500 years from the Amazon to southern regions like Misiones. Indigenous to the Amazon rainforest, the Biribá tree showcases resilience and adaptability, reaching impressive heights and featuring visually striking leaves and aromatic, helical flowers. Its cultivation resilience makes it suitable for a variety of soil types and environmental conditions, with fruits ripening from September to May, offering both fresh consumption and culinary versatility in various dishes and desserts.

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Description

Introducing Misiones Biribá Seeds: A Cold-Climate Adaptation of a Tropical Delight

Nomenclature and Meaning: Biribá, derived from the Tupi language meaning “fruit of the fibrous bark tree,” is also known as Araticum grande, Araticum–pitaiá, Fruta do Conde, Condessa, and Jaca de pobre.

Observations: We proudly present the smooth variety of biribá, characterized by fruits averaging 300 grams with few seeds. This biribá variety boasts trees resistant to frost and features exceptionally large leaves.

Origin: Native to the Amazon rainforest, the biribá extends from the Amazonas state to Bahia, Brazil. Our adaptation, however, thrives in Misiones, where the Guaraní people migrated over the last 500 years, gradually acclimating this variety to colder climates.

Characteristics: This visually stunning tree can reach heights of 6 to 10 meters when cultivated, or up to 20 meters in its native tropical forest habitat. With a conical crown formed by long, branching limbs, its simple, alternate leaves feature a yellow-green hue, measuring 10 to 25 cm in length and 5 to 8 cm in width. The hermaphroditic flowers, pedunculated and aromatic, give way to spherical fruits with edible, sweet pulp.

Cultivation Tips: Thriving in tropical and subtropical regions, our cold-climate adaptation withstands up to 5 months of drought and temperatures as low as -1 degree Celsius. Suitable for cultivation across Brazil, this variety prefers well-drained, organically rich soils with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.8.

Planting: In orchards, plant biribá seeds at a spacing of 6 x 6 meters, irrigating with 10 liters of water per week for the first two months. Prepare planting holes 50 cm deep, incorporating organic matter, ashes, castor cake, and limestone, and let mature for two months before planting, ideally starting in September.

Cultivation: Practice minimal pruning, shaping the canopy as desired. Fertilize with organic compost and N-P-K 10-10-10 annually, gradually increasing the quantity over four years. Distribute fertilizer around the canopy’s projection, maintaining a distance from the trunk equal to its circumference.

Uses: Fruiting from September to May, the biribá yields fruits weighing up to 1.6 kg, perfect for fresh consumption. Ideal for orchards and forest restoration, its succulent pulp attracts a variety of wildlife, including birds and terrestrial animals. Process the pulp for juices, desserts, and baked goods, showcasing the versatility of this tropical treasure.

Additional information

Amazing Flavor Profile

Flavor Profile: The Biribá fruit boasts a unique flavor reminiscent of lemon pie, with a delightful combination of tangy citrus notes and creamy sweetness.

Adaptability to Colder Climates: Developed over centuries of migration by the Guarani people, this Biribá variety has been specifically adapted to thrive in colder climates, making it suitable for cultivation in regions like Misiones.

Origin: Indigenous to the Amazon rainforest, the Biribá tree has spread from the Amazonian state to Bahia, Brazil, and beyond, showcasing its ability to adapt to diverse environments.

Tree Characteristics: The Biribá tree is visually striking, reaching heights of 6 to 10 meters when cultivated and up to 20 meters in its native tropical forest habitat. It features a conical crown formed by numerous long branches, providing ample fruit-bearing capacity.

Leaf Appearance: Its leaves are simple and alternate, characterized by elongated shapes measuring 10 to 25 cm in length and 5 to 8 cm in width, with a vibrant green coloration.

Floral Attributes: The tree produces hermaphroditic flowers that are aromatic and visually appealing, emerging on peduncles and exhibiting a unique helical appearance.

Cultivation Resilience: Resilient to dry spells lasting up to 5 months and frost down to -1 degree Celsius, the Biribá thrives in a variety of soils, including those susceptible to river flooding.

Harvest and Uses: Biribá fruits ripen between September and May, offering a delectable treat enjoyed fresh or processed into a variety of culinary delights, showcasing its versatility and culinary potential.

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