In the second phase, as soon as things return to normal, NICA officials will take responsibility for the British representing the Allies. The agreement was not adopted until 24 August 1945 in London. With Japan capitulating on August 15, the Dutch quickly urged the British to ratify the agreement immediately. However, in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement concluded a month earlier, the provisions have been extended in their content. After capitulating on August 15, 1945, Japan had to abandon its occupied territories. This meant that the colonies originally conquered by the Westerners of the Allied bloc had to be returned. In fact, Western countries still have the right to continue to govern their colonies first. As far as Indonesia is concerned, the Dutch have been preparing since April 1944 for the renewal of Indonesia. Since this month, the Dutch and British governments have held negotiations in London and Kandy. The negotiations resulted in what came to be known as the Civil Business Agreement. The news of the proclamation of Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945, certainly surprised the Dutch government. After Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 15, 1945, the Dutch, who still felt masters in their former colonies, prepared to return to the Indië Nederlands as rulers. Indeed, the Netherlands had lost its right to Dutch-Indian territory because, on March 9, 1942 in Kalijati, near Subang, after being defeated for a week by the Japanese army, the Dutch government, represented by the commander-in-chief of the Dutch army, Lieutenant General Hein ter Poorten, had signed a document of unconditional surrender to the Dai Nippon army led by Lieutenant General Hitochi Imamura.
Commander of the 16th Army. On August 15, 1945, authority over Java, Bali, Lombok, Kalimantan and Sulawesi was transferred from MacArthur to Mountbatten. Many argue that Indonesia`s fate will be different if those entering Indonesia are American soldiers and not British soldiers.